The articles in this category explore a range of issues arising from the gig business model. Some are more focused on developing appropriate government responses to innovative business models that may disrupt existing regulatory frameworks. Others ask whether the gig business model challenges our understanding of the boundaries of the firm and, relatedly, the distinction between employment and entrepreneurship. Many articles move fluidly between gig work and other forms of freelancing or contract work in order to identify what, if any, may be the unique and potentially destabilizing features of gig companies.

The list is divided into two categories. Articles are listed first, monographs appear second. 


Aloisi, Antonio. “Commoditized Workers: Case Study Research on Labor Law Issues Arising From a Set of ‘On-Demand/Gig Economy’ Platforms.” Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal 37, no. 3 (2015–2016): 653–690. Read Here

Aloisi, Antonio. “Facing the Challenges of Platform-Mediated Labour: The Employment Relationship in Times of Non-Standard Work and Digital Transformation.” Bocconi Legal Studies Research Paper No. 3179595 (2018). Read Here

Aloisi, Antonio. “The Invention of the Future. Does ‘Platformisation’ Redefine the Notion of the Firm?” Presented at the Sixteenth International Conference in Commemoration of Professor Marco Biagi, Modena, Marco Biagi Foundation, March 19-20 2018. Read Here

Bamberger, Kenneth A. and Orly Lobel. “Platform Market Power.” Berkeley Technology Law Journal 32 (2017): 1051- 1092. Read Here

Barnes, Sally-Anne, Anne Green, and Maria de Hoyos. “Crowdsourcing and Work: Individual Factors and Circumstances Influencing Employability.” New Technology, Work and Employment 30, no. 1 (2015): 16–31. Read Here

Barry, Jordan M. and Paul L. Caron. “Tax Regulation, Transportation Innovation, and the Sharing Economy.” The University of Chicago Law Review Online 82, no. 1 (2017): 69–84. Read Here

Berg, Janine. “Income Security in the On-Demand Economy: Findings and Policy Lessons From a Survey of Crowdworkers.” Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal 37 (2015–2016): 543–576. Read Here

Biber, Light, Ruhl, and Salzman, “Regulating Business Innovation as Policy Disruption: From the Model T to Airbnb,” (2017).Read Here

Chen, M. Keith, Judith A. Chevalier, Peter E. Rossi, and Emily Oehlsen. “The Value of Flexible Work: Evidence from Uber Drivers.” Read Here

Coglianese, “Optimizing Government for an Optimizing Economy,” (2016). Read Here

Das Acevedo, Deepa. “Data Deficits in Municipal Rideshare Collaborations.” Saint Louis University Law Journal 63 (2019): 69-92. Read Here

Davidson, Nestor M. and John J. Infranca. “The Sharing Economy as an Urban Phenomenon.” Yale Law & Policy Review 34 (2016): 215–279. Read Here

Davis, “Drive at Your Own Risk: Uber Violates Unfair Competition Laws by Misleading UberX Drivers About Their Insurance Coverage,” (2015). Read Here

De Stefano, Valerio. “Introduction: Crowdsourcing, the Gig-Economy and the Law.” Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal 37, no. 3 (2015–2016): 461–470. Read Here

Dubal, “The Drive to Precarity: A Political History of Work, Regulation, & Labor Advocacy in San Francisco’s Taxi & Uber Economies,” (2017). Read Here

Dubal, “Wage Slave or Entrepreneur?: Contesting the Dualism of Legal Worker Identities,” (2017). Read Here

Dyal-Chand, Rashmi. “Regulating Sharing: The Sharing Economy as an Alternative Capitalist System.” Tulane Law Review 90 (2015): 241–309. Read Here

Finkin, Matthew W. “Beclouded Work, Beclouded Workers in Historical Perspective.” Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal 37, no. 3 (2015–2016): 603–618. Read Here

Gandini, Alessandro. “Digital Work: Self-Branding and Social Capital in the Freelance Knowledge Economy.” Marketing Theory 16, no. 1 (2015): 123-141.

Grossman, Nick and Elizabeth Woyke. “Serving Workers in the Gig Economy.”

Hemel, “Pooling and Unpooling in the Uber Economy,” (2017). Read Here

Irani, Lilly. “Difference and Dependence among Digital Workers: The Case of Amazon Mechanical Turk.” The South Atlantic Quarterly 114, no. 1 (2015): 225–234. Read Here

Irani, Lilly C. and M. Six Silberman. “Stories We Tell About Labor: Turkopticon and the Problem with Design.” Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, San Jose, CA, May 7-12, 2016. Read Here

Kingsley, Sara Constance, Mary L. Gray, and Siddharth Suri. “Accounting for Market Frictions and Power Asymmetries in Online Labor Markets.” Policy and Internet (2015): 1-18.

Kneese, Rosenblat, and Boyd, “Understanding Fair Labor Practices in a Networked Age,” (2014). Read Here

Lobel, Orly. “Coase and the Platform Economy.” The Cambridge Handbook of the Law of the Sharing Economy, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2018): 67-77. Read Here

Lobel, Orly. “The Gig Economy & The Future of Employment and Labor Law.” University of San Francisco Law Review 51 (2017): 51–74. Read Here

Lobel, “The Law of the Platform,” (2016-2017). Read Here

Malin, Brenton J. and Curry Chandler. “Free to Work Anxiously: Splintering Precarity Among Drivers for Uber and Lyft.” Communication, Culture & Critique 10 (2017): 382–400.

Margaryan, Anoush. “Understanding Crowdworkers’ Learning Practices.” Paper presenting at The Internet, Policy, and Politics, Oxford, England, September 22–23, 2016. Read Here

Martin, Chris J. “The Sharing Economy: A Pathway to Sustainability or a Nightmarish Form of Neoliberal Capitalism?” Ecological Economics 121 (2016): 149–159.

Ranchordas, Sofia. “Peers or Professionals? The P2P-Economy and Competition Law.” European Competition and regulatory Law Review 1(4) (2018): 1-14. Read Here

Raval, Noopur and Paul Dourish. “Standing Out from the Crowd: Emotional Labor, Body Labor, and Temporal Labor in Ridesharing.” CSCW 2016, February 27 – March 2, 2016.Read Here

Ravenelle, Alexandrea J. “Sharing Economy Workers: Selling, Not Sharing.” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society (2016).

Reich, Robert. “The Share-the-Scraps Economy” RobertReich (February 2, 2015). Read Here

Richardson, Lizzie. “Performing the Sharing Economy.” Geoforum 67 (2015): 121-129. Read Here

Rosenblat, Alex. “ What Motivates Gig Economy Workers.” Harvard Business Review, November 17, 2018. Read Here

Rosenblat, Alex and Luke Stark. “Algorithmic Labor and Information Asymmetries: A Case Study of Uber’s Drivers.” International Journal of Communication 10 (2016): 3758-3784. Read Here

Schor, Juliet. “Debating the Sharing Economy.” A Great Transition Initiative Essay. Great Transition Initiative Toward a Transformative Vision and Praxis, October 2014. Read Here

Silberman and Irani, “Operating an Employer Reputation System: Lessons from Turkopticon,” (2016).Read Here

Stemler, Abbey. “Betwixt and Between: Regulating the Shared Economy.” Fordham Urban Law Journal 43 (2016): 31-70. Read Here

Thornton, Margaret. “Towards the Uberisation of Legal Practice.” Law Technology and Humans (2019): 1-18. Read Here

Ticona, Julia and Alexandra Mateescu. “Trusted Strangers: Carework Platforms’ Cultural Entrepreneurship in the On-Demand Economy.” New Media & Society (2018): 1-21. Read Here

Tomassetti, Julia. “Does Uber Redefine the Firm? The Postindustrial Corporation and Advanced Information Technology.” Hofstra Labor & Employment Law Journal 34 (2016): 1–78. Read Here

Uguina, Jesús R. Mercader. “Work and ‘Platform Economy’.” Spanish Labour Law and Employment Relations Journal 6 (2017): 4-5. Read Here

Zatz, Noah. “Does Work Law Have a Future if the Labor Market Does Not?” Chicago-Kent Law Review 91 (2016): 1081-1114. Read Here

Zickuhr, Kathryn Michael. “When Uber Comes to Town: The Impact of Transportation Network Companies on Metropolitan Labor Markets.” Master of Public Policy diss., Georgetown University, 2016. Read Here


Botsman, Rachel and Roo Rogers. What’s Mine is Yours: The Rise of Collaborative Consumption. New York: HarperCollins, 2010.

Gansky, Lisa. The Mesh: Why the Future of Business is Sharing. New York: Portfolio/Penguin, 2010.

Ravenelle, Alexandrea J. Hustle and Gig: Struggling and Surviving in the Sharing Economy. Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2019.

Rosenblat, Alex. Uberland: How Algorithms Are Rewriting the Rules of Work. Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2018.

Slee, Tom. What’s Yours is Mine: Against the Sharing Economy. New York, London: OR Books, 2015.

Sundararajan, Arun. The Sharing Economy: The End of Employment and the Rise of Crowd-Based Capitalism. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2016.