The articles in this category are the inverse of those in “Beyond Work Law” in that they address general labor and employment law issues that may contribute to a greater understanding of the gig economy. Although they do not explicitly focus on gig workers or companies, each article is in some respect—whether in terms of legal issue or employment context—especially relevant to the gig economy.

The list is divided into two categories. Articles are listed first, monographs appear second. 


Anderson, Michael and Jeremy Magruder. “Learning from the Crowd: Regression Discontinuity Estimates of the Effects of an Online Review Database.” The Economic Journal 122 (2012): 957-989.

Avery, Christopher, Paul Resnick, and Richard Zeckhauser. “The Market for Evaluations.” The American Economic Review 89, no. 3 (1999) 564-584. Read Here

Barocas, Solon and Selbst, Andrew D. “Big Data’s Disparate Impact.” California Law Review 104 (2016): 671-732. Read Here

Bolton, Gary, Ben Greiner, and Axel Ockenfels. “Engineering Trust: Reciprocity in the Production of Reputation Information.” Management Schience 59, no. 2 (2013) 265-285. Read Here

Calo, Ryan, and Alex Rosenblat. “The Taking Economy: Uber, Information, and Power.” Columbia Law Review 117 (2017): 1623–1690. Read Here

Cherry, Miriam A. “Cyber Commodification.” Maryland Law Review 72, no. 2 (2013) 381-451. Read Here

Cherry, Miriam A. “The Gamification of Work.” Hofstra Law Review 40, no. 4(2012) 851-858. Read Here

Das Acevedo, Deepa. “Addressing the Retirement Crisis with Shadow 401(k)s.” Notre Dame Law Review Online 92 Notre Dame Law Review 92 (2017): 38-54. Read Here

Dibbell, Julian. “Invisible Labor, Invisible Play: Online Gold Farming and the Boundary Between Jobs and Games.” Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law 18, no. 3 (2016): 419-465. Read Here

Kim, Pauline T. “Data-Driven Discrimination at Work.” William & Mary Law Review 58, no. 3 (2017): 857-936. Read Here

Kim, Pauline T. “Big Data and Artificial Intelligence: New Challenges for Workplace
Equality.” University of Louisville Law Review 57, 313 (2019). Read Here

Mandel, Michael. “Beyond Goods and Services: The (Unmeasured) Rise of the Data-Driven Economy.” Policy Memo, Progressive Policy Institute (2012). Read Here

Mayson, Sandra G. “Bias in, Bias Out.” Yale Law Journal 128, 2218 (2019). Read Here

Nicholson, Daniel, Peter Gahan, & Joshua Healy. “Technology, the Digital Economy and the Challenge for Labour Market Regulation.” The Evolving Project of Labour Law Foundations, Development and Future Research Directions (2017). Read Here

Parigi, Paolo, and Bogdan State. “Disenchanting the World: The Impact of Technology on Relationships.” Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Social Informatics, Barcelona, Spain, November 11–13, 2014. 

Raub, Mckenzie. “Bots, Bias and Big Data: Artificial Intelligence, Algorithmic Bias and Disparate Impact Liability in Hiring Practices” Arkansas Law Review 71, 529 (2018). Read Here

Schwartz, Andrew A. “The Digital Shareholder.” Minnesota Law Review 10 (2016): 609-685. Read Here

Sullivan, Charles A. “Employing AI.” Villanova Law Review 63, no. 3 (2018): 395-430. Read Here

Szalai, Imre S. “The Supreme Court’s Landmark Decision in New Prime Inc. v. Oliveira: A Panoptic View of America’s Civil Justice System and Arbitration.” Emory Law Journal Online 68 (2019): 1059-1084. Read Here

Wang, Lu-in. “When the Customer is King: Employment Discrimination as Customer Service.” Virginia Journal of Social Policy & the Law 23, no. 3 (2016): 249-292. Read Here


Weil, David. The Fissured Workplace: Why Work Became So Bad for So Many and What Can Be Done to Improve It. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2017.